Removal of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions from aqueous solution using polyaniline grafted chitosan

Rathinam Karthik, Sankaran Meenakshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

269 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, polyaniline grafted chitosan (PGC) was employed as an adsorbent for the removal of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions from aqueous solution. The PGC was characterized using FTIR, SEM, EDX, XRD, TGA and DSC techniques. From the batch experiment results it can be found that the pH of the working solution played significant role in the adsorption process. In the presence of other common metal ions, the adsorption of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions onto the PGC was negatively influenced. The equilibrium data were fitted to Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherm models. The maximum monolayer capacity obtained from the Langmuir isotherm was 16.07 and 14.33. mg/g for Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions, respectively. The kinetic data were fitted well to the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The applicability of the PGC has been tested for the removal of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions from a real water sample spiked with Pb(II) and Cd(II).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-177
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume263
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Chitosan
  • Kinetics
  • Polyaniline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering (all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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