Renal glucosuria is associated with lower body weight and lower rates of elevated systolic blood pressure: Results of a nationwide cross-sectional study of 2.5 million adolescents

Boris Fishman, Gadi Shlomai, Gilad Twig, Estela Derazne, Alexander Tenenbaum, Enrique Z. Fisman, Adi Leiba, Ehud Grossman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Gene coding mutations found in sodium glucose co-transporters (SGLTs) are known to cause renal glucosuria. SGLT2 inhibitors have recently been shown to be effective hypoglycemic agents as well as possessing cardiovascular and renal protective properties. These beneficial effects have to some extent, been attributed to weight loss and reduced blood pressure. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the prevalence of renal glucosuria amongst a large cohort of Israeli adolescents and to investigate whether renal glucosuria is associated with lower body weight and lower blood pressure values. Methods: Medical and socio-demographic data were collected from the Israeli Defense Force's conscription center's database. A cross-sectional study to evaluate the association between conscripts diagnosed as overweight [BMI percentiles of ≥ 85 and < 95 and obesity (≥ 95 BMI percentile)] and afflicted with renal glucosuria was conducted. In addition, we assessed the association of renal glucosuria with elevated diastolic and systolic blood pressure. Multinomial regression models were used. Results: The final study cohort comprised 2,506,830 conscripts of whom 1108 (0.044%) were diagnosed with renal glucosuria, unrelated to diabetes mellitus, with males twice as affected compared to females. The adjusted odds ratio for overweight and obesity was 0.66 (95% CI 0.50-0.87) and 0.62 (95% CI 0.43-0.88), respectively. Adolescents afflicted with renal glucosuria were also less likely to have an elevated systolic blood pressure of 130-139 mmHg with an adjusted odds ratio of 0.74 (95% CI 0.60-0.90). Conclusions: Renal glucosuria is associated with lower body weight and obesity as well as with lower rates of elevated systolic blood pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number124
JournalCardiovascular Diabetology
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Sep 2019

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Glucosuria
  • Obesity
  • Overweight

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