Reproductive Outcome Is Favorable After Laparoscopic Resection of Bladder Endometriosis

David Soriano, Jerome Bouaziz, Shai Elizur, Mati Zolti, Raoul Orvieto, Daniel Seidman, Mordechai Goldenberg, Vered H. Eisenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Objective: To assess the reproductive outcome (spontaneous and assisted conception rates) in women who underwent laparoscopic resection of bladder endometriosis. Design: This was a retrospective, observational study analyzing prospectively recorded data (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). Setting: A tertiary referral center. Patients: Over a 9-year period, we identified 69 consecutive women with symptomatic pelvic endometriosis who underwent laparoscopic resection of bladder endometriosis at our center. Interventions: Group A patients (n = 21) had full-thickness endometriotic invasion of the bladder and underwent laparoscopic partial cystectomy. Group B (n = 48) patients had partial endometriotic bladder penetration and underwent partial-thickness excision of the detrusor muscle. Most patients (over 70%) had additional, nonbladder endometriotic lesions, which were also removed during surgery. Measurements and Main Results: Fertility outcomes were analyzed in patients who wished to conceive (n = 42), and improvements in symptoms were assessed for all patients. The minimum follow-up after surgery was 36 months. Of the 42 patients who wished to conceive, 35 patients (83.3%) conceived: 16 patients spontaneously and 18 patients after IVF treatment. No difference was observed in fertility outcome between group A (partial cystectomy) and group B (partial-thickness excision of the detrusor muscle). For all patients, long-term follow-up revealed that 80% of the patients (55 patients) had no urinary/endometrial symptoms after surgery. Conclusion: Pregnancy rates after laparoscopic surgery for bladder endometriosis by either partial cystectomy or deep excision of the detrusor muscle are favorable, both for spontaneous pregnancy and conception after IVF treatment. Additionally, urinary symptoms were improved for the majority of patients. Based on our findings, it seems warranted to offer laparoscopic surgical management to symptomatic infertile patients diagnosed with bladder endometriosis, even after IVF failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)781-786
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bladder endometriosis
  • Infertility
  • Laparoscopic surgery
  • Laparoscopy
  • Lesions of bladder

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