Research and development for shrouded wind turbines

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

163 Scopus citations

Abstract

In order to exploit wind power as economically as possible, it was suggested that the wind turbine should be enclosed inside a specially designed shroud. Various geometries are discussed; it is shown that with a fairly compact shroud a significant power augmentation can be achieved. For improving the shroud performance, the use of a ring-shaped flap or boundary layer control technique is introduced. It is shown that up to 80% improvement in the shroud power augmentation can be obtained by the use of an appropriate ring-shaped flap while proper bleeding of the shroud's external flow into its inner rear part will increase its power augmentation by about 25%. The present review also discussed the design and performance of an axial flow turbine which is the most suitable for the proposed shrouds. It is shown that such a turbine produces a fairly stable output for varying wind speeds while exhibiting a fairly high efficiency. Based on the reported research with shrouds, a pilot plant producing 1 hp at 5 m/s with a 3 m dia. turbine was built. Its design and preliminary field test results are also included in the review.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-48
Number of pages36
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1981

Keywords

  • Diffuser-augmented wind turbine
  • Ducted turbine (shrouded turbine)
  • Wind power
  • Wind turbine

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