## Abstract

We investigate the cosmological applications of new gravitational scalar-tensor theories and we analyze them in the light of H_{0} tension. In these theories the Lagrangian contains the Ricci scalar and its first and second derivatives in a specific combination that makes them free of ghosts, thus corresponding to healthy bi-scalar extensions of general relativity. We examine two specific models, and for particular choices of the model parameters we find that the effect of the additional terms is negligible at high redshifts, obtaining a coincidence with ΛCDM cosmology, however as time passes the deviation increases and thus at low redshifts the Hubble parameter acquires increased values (H_{0} ≈ 74km/s/Mpc) in a controlled way. The mechanism behind this behavior is the fact that the effective dark-energy equation-of-state parameter exhibits phantom behavior, which implies faster expansion, which is one of the theoretical requirements that are capable of alleviating the H_{0} tension. Lastly, we confront the models with Cosmic Chronometer (CC) data showing full agreement within 1σ confidence level.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 263 |

Journal | Proceedings of Science |

Volume | 436 |

State | Published - 8 Nov 2023 |

Externally published | Yes |

Event | Corfu Summer Institute "22nd Hellenic School and Workshops on Elementary Particle Physics and Gravity", CORFU 2022 - Corfu, Greece Duration: 28 Aug 2022 → 1 Oct 2022 |

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- General