## Abstract

Resonant standing waves excited on the water surface in a deep narrow rectangular cavity by a fully immersed cylinder harmonically oscillating in the vertical direction are studied theoretically and experimentally. The effect of the finite wavemaker size is considered in the framework of the potential two-dimensional flow theory. Nonlinearities and weak dissipation at solid surfaces are accounted for. The spatio-temporal structure of the waves in the presence of detuning between the forcing and the natural frequency of the system is analysed. The variation of the surface shape in space and time studied in experiments supports the assumption of two-dimensional flow. The finite size of the wavemaker causes a downshift of the effective resonant frequency of the cavity; this effect is enhanced by the nonlinearity. For small amplitude waves, the surface elevation evolution in time is decomposed into the sum of the time-periodic function, corresponding to the forcing frequency, and its second harmonic; the shape of the wavenumber spectra of these components depends on the forcing frequency. For larger wave amplitudes, additional peaks in the frequency spectrum appear. The theoretical predictions are compared with the experimental results.

Original language | English |
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Article number | A12 |

Journal | Journal of Fluid Mechanics |

Volume | 990 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 14 Aug 2024 |

Externally published | Yes |

## Keywords

- general fluid mechanics
- surface gravity waves

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Applied Mathematics