Response of T and B lymphocytes in the spleen, lymph nodes and mammary tumors in rats treated with human soluble tumor-associated antigens and commercial human albumin

Herzl Ben-Hur, George Kossoy, Herbert Mehrdad, Asher Elhayany, Itshak Zusman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We showed previously that soluble tumor-associated antigens (sTAA) isolated from breast cancer patients could suppress chemically-induced tumorigenesis in rats in comparison to the effect of commercial human albumin (CHA). Herein we analyze the possible mechanism of those findings. The following groups of mammary tumor-bearing rats were used in the studies: i) control rats treated with saline; ii) rats treated with CHA; and iii) rats treated with human sTAA. Different zones of the spleen, regional lymph nodes and tumors and their cellular content (B and T cells) were analyzed using the methods of morphometry and immunohistochemistry. Treatment of tumor-bearing rats with CHA resulted in a significant decrease in the size of the germinal center of the follicles. The number of B lymphocytes in the mantle layer of the follicles, the marginal zone and red pulp decreased significantly. The number of CD8+ T cells also decreased in the marginal zone and red pulp, whereas the number of CD4 + T cells increased in the periarterial lymph sheath (PALS) and the red pulp. Reaction of the spleen to vaccination with sTAA manifested in a significant increase in the size of most areas of the white pulp and in the number of B lymphocytes. In lymph nodes from control rats or those treated with CHA, CD8+ lymphocytes mainly accumulated in the paracortical zone. In rats treated with sTAA, CD8+ lymphocytes accumulated also in the medulla. The number of CD4+ T cells in these rats sharply increased and accumulated mainly in the medulla around the vessels. The total number of lymphocytes was changed differently in different areas of tumors (peripheral vs. at depth). The number of CD8+ cells significantly increased at depth of tumors, and also the ratio in the number of these cells at depth of tumors compared to a periphery increased. No difference was found in response of lymph cells to different types of treatment. All findings indicated a strict antitumor effect of vaccination with the sTAA, which prevents the development of insufficiency of the immune system when an intensive immune reaction takes place.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1329-1333
Number of pages5
JournalOncology Reports
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Albumin
  • B and T lymphocytes
  • Lymph nodes
  • Mammary gland tumors
  • Spleen
  • Tumor-associated antigens

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