Background: We sought to quantify the risk trend of resternotomy coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) over the past 2 decades. Methods: We compared the outcomes of 194 804 consecutive resternotomy CABG patients and 1 445 894 randomly selected first-time CABG patients (50% of total) reported to The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Adult Cardiac Surgery Database between 1999 and 2018. Primary outcomes were in-hospital mortality and overall morbidity. Using multiple logistic regression for each outcome for each year, we computed the annual trends of risk-adjusted odds ratios for the primary outcomes in the entire cohort and in 194 776 propensity-matched pairs. Results: The annual resternotomy CABG case volume from participating centers declined by 68%, from a median of 25 (range, 14-44) to a median of 8 (range, 4-15). Compared with first-time CABG, resternotomy CABG patients were consistently older, with higher proportions of comorbidities. After propensity matching, primary outcomes of resternotomy and first-time CABG were similar (mortality: 3.5% vs 2.3%, standardized difference [SDiff], 7.5%; morbidity: 40.7% vs 40.3%, SDiff, 0.9%). Mortality of resternotomy CABG performed after prior CABG was higher than that after prior non-CABG (4.3% vs 2.4%; SDiff, 10.8). Morbidity was similar between these subgroups (41.0% vs 39.1%; SDiff, 2.9). The adjusted odds ratio for mortality after resternotomy CABG declined from 1.93 (95% CI, 1.73-2.16) to 1.22 (95% CI, 0.92-1.62), and that of morbidity declined from 1.13 (95% CI, 1.08-1.18) to 0.91 (95% CI, 0.87-0.95), P < .001 for both. Conclusions: The risk of resternotomy CABG has decreased substantially over time. Resternotomy CABG performed after a prior CABG is higher risk compared with that performed after a non-CABG operation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine