Reversible degradation of inverted organic solar cells by concentrated sunlight

Thomas Tromholt, Assaf Manor, Eugene A. Katz, Frederik C. Krebs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Concentrated sunlight was used to study the performance response of inverted P3HT:PCBM organic solar cells after exposure to high intensity sunlight. Correlations of efficiency as a function of solar intensity were established in the range of 0.5-15suns at three different stages: for a pristine cell, after 30min exposure at 5suns and after 30min of rest in the dark. High intensity exposure introduced a major performance decrease for all solar intensities, followed by a partial recovery of the lost performance over time: at 1 sun only 6% of the initial performance was conserved after the high intensity exposure, while after rest the performance had recovered to 60% of the initial value. The timescale of the recovery effect was studied by monitoring the cell performance at 1sun after high intensity exposure. This showed that cell performance was almost completely restored after 180min. The transient state is believed to be a result of the breakdown of the diode behaviour of the ZnO electron transport layer by O2 desorption, increasing the hole conductivity. These results imply that accelerated degradation of organic solar cells by concentrated sunlight is not a straightforward process, and care has to be taken to allow for a sound accelerated lifetime assessment based on concentrated sunlight.

Original languageEnglish
Article number225401
JournalNanotechnology
Volume22
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Jun 2011

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