Revisional Surgery of One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass for Severe Protein–Energy Malnutrition

Adam Abu-Abeid, Or Goren, Shai Meron Eldar, Antonio Vitiello, Giovanna Berardi, Guy Lahat, Danit Dayan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: One anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) is safe and effective. Its strong malabsorptive component might cause severe protein–energy malnutrition (PEM), necessitating revisional surgery. We aimed to evaluate the safety and outcomes of OAGB revision for severe PEM. Methods: This was a single-center retrospective analysis of OAGB patients undergoing revision for severe PEM (2015–2021). Perioperative data and outcomes were retrieved. Results: Ten patients underwent revision for severe PEM. Our center’s incidence is 0.63% (9/1425 OAGB). All patients were symptomatic. Median (interquartile range) EWL and lowest albumin were 103.7% (range 57.6, 114) and 24 g/dL (range 19, 27), respectively, and 8/10 patients had significant micronutrient deficiencies. Before revision, nutritional optimization was undertaken. Median OAGB to revision interval was 18.4 months (range 15.7, 27.8). Median BPL length was 200 cm (range 177, 227). Reversal (n = 5), BPL shortening (n = 3), and conversion to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) (n = 2) were performed. One patient had anastomotic leak after BPL shortening. No death occurred. Median BMI and albumin increased from 22.4 kg/m2 (range 20.6, 30.3) and 35.5 g/dL (range 29.2, 41), respectively, at revision to 27.5 (range 22.2, 32.4) kg/m2 and 39.5 g/dL (range 37.2, 41.7), respectively, at follow-up (median 25.4 months, range 3.1, 45). Complete resolution occurs after conversion to RYGB or reversal to normal anatomy, but not after BPL shortening. Conclusions: Revisional surgery of OAGB for severe PEM is feasible and safe after nutritional optimization. Our results suggest that the type of revision may be an important factor for PEM resolution. Comparative studies are needed to define the role of each revisional option.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2356
JournalNutrients
Volume14
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bariatric metabolic surgery
  • Conversion
  • Malnutrition
  • One anastomosis gastric bypass
  • Protein
  • Reversal
  • Revisional surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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