## Abstract

We deal with the well studied allocation problem of assigning n balls to n bins so that the maximum number of balls assigned to the same bin is minimized. We focus on randomized, constant-round, distributed, asynchronous algorithms for this problem. Adler et al. (1998) [1] presented lower bounds and upper bounds for this problem. A similar lower bound appears in Berenbrink et al. (1999) [2]. The general lower bound is based on a topological assumption. Our first contribution is the observation that the topological assumption does not hold for two algorithms presented by Adler etal. (1998) [1]. We amend this situation by presenting proofs of the lower bound for these two specific algorithms. We present an algorithm in which a ball that was not allocated in the first round retries with a new choice in the second round. We present tight bounds on the maximum load obtained by our algorithm. The analysis is based on analyzing the expectation and transforming it to a bound with high probability using martingale tail inequalities. Finally, we present a 3-round heuristic with a single synchronization point. We conducted experiments that demonstrate its advantage over parallel algorithms for 10 ^{6}≤n≤8·10 ^{6} balls and bins. In fact, the obtained maximum load meets the best experimental results for sequential algorithms.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 87-99 |

Number of pages | 13 |

Journal | Theoretical Computer Science |

Volume | 444 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 27 Jul 2012 |

Externally published | Yes |

## Keywords

- Balls and bins
- Static randomized parallel load balancing algorithms

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Theoretical Computer Science
- General Computer Science