Revisiting the Rotational Field TMS Method for Neurostimulation

Yiftach Roth, Samuel Zibman, Gaby S. Pell, Abraham Zangen, Aron Tendler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive technique that has shown high efficacy in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) and is increasingly utilized for various neuropsychiatric disorders. However, conventional TMS is limited to activating only a small fraction of neurons that have components parallel to the induced electric field. This likely contributes to the significant variability observed in clinical outcomes. A novel method termed rotational field TMS (rfTMS or TMS 360°) enables the activation of a greater number of neurons by reducing the sensitivity to orientation. Recruitment of a larger number of neurons offers the potential to enhance efficacy and reduce variability in the treatment of clinical indications for which neuronal recruitment and organization may play a significant role, such as MDD and stroke. The potential of the method remains to be validated in clinical trials. Here, we revisit and describe in detail the rfTMS method, its principles, mode of operation, effects on the brain, and potential benefits for clinical TMS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number983
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2023


  • TMS 360°
  • depolarization
  • neurostimulation
  • orientational sensitivity
  • rotational field
  • transcranial magnetic stimulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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