Risk factors for arrest of descent during the second stage of labor

U. Feinstein, E. Sheiner, A. Levy, M. Hallak, M. Mazor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To define obstetrical risk factors for arrest of descent during the second stage of labor and to determine perinatal outcome. Study design: All singleton, vertex, term deliveries with an unscarred uterus, between the years 1988 and 1999 were included. Univariable and multivariable analysis were performed to investigate independent risk factors associated with arrest of descent during the second stage of labor and the perinatal outcome. Results: The study included 93266 deliveries, of these 1545 (1.7%) were complicated with arrest of descent during the second stage of labor. Using a multivariable analysis, the following obstetric risk factors were found to be significantly associated with arrest of descent: nulliparity (OR=7.8, 95% CI=6.9-8.7; P<0.001), birth weight >4 kg (OR=2.3, 95% CI=1.9-2.8; P<0.001), epidural analgesia (OR=1.8, 95% CI=1.6-2.0; P<0.001), hydramnios (OR=1.6, 95% CI=1.3-2.0; P<0.001), hypertensive disorders (OR=1.5, 95% CI=1.3-1.8; P<0.001), gestational diabetes A1 and A2 (OR=1.5, 95% CI=1.2-1.8; P<0.001), male gender (OR=1.4, 95% CI=1.2-1.5; P<0.001), premature rupture of membranes (PROM, OR=1.3, 95% CI=1.04-1.6; P=0.021), and induction of labor (OR=1.2, 95% CI=1.02-1.4; P=0.030). Deliveries complicated by arrest of descent resulted in cesarean section in 20.6%, vacuum extraction in 74.0%, and forceps delivery in 5.4%. Newborns delivered after arrest of descent during the second stage of labor had significantly higher rates of low Apgar scores (<7) at 1 and 5 min, as compared to the controls (12.7 vs. 2.1%, P<0.001; and 0.9 vs. 0.2%, P<0.001, respectively). Nevertheless, no significant differences were noted between the groups regarding perinatal mortality (0.38 vs. 0.44%; P=0.759). Conclusions: Major risk factors for arrest of descent during the second stage of labor were nulliparity, fetal macrosomia, epidural analgesia, hydramnios, hypertensive disorders and gestational diabetes mellitus. These risk factors should be carefully evaluated during pregnancy in order to actively manage high-risk pregnancies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-14
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume77
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2002

Keywords

  • Arrest of descent
  • Dystocia
  • Risk factors
  • Second stage of labor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Risk factors for arrest of descent during the second stage of labor'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this