Risk factors for early sepsis in very low birth weight neonates with respiratory distress syndrome

Laliv Shani, Dahlia Weitzman, Rimma Melamed, Ehud Zmora, Kyla Marks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim: To identify maternal and neonatal factors that increase suspicion of early sepsis in Very Low Birth Weight neonates with respiratory distress syndrome. Methods: The cohort included 282 neonates born at Soroka Medical Centre 1996-2000. Definitions of 'high' and 'low'-suspicion groups for early sepsis were based on comparison between neonates with early sepsis and the remaining cohort. Univariate analysis and logistic regression were used to compare between groups. Results: The incidence of early sepsis in the cohort was 1.8%, and 94% received antibiotics following delivery. Comparing with the remaining cohort, the five neonates with early sepsis had increased incidence of positive maternal cultures, use of antenatal antibiotics, lower 1 min Apgar scores and tendency to leucopenia. A 'low-suspicion' group comprised 38% of the cohort and did not include any neonates with early sepsis. This group were more frequently treated with antenatal steroids and delivered by Caesarean section compared to the 'high-suspicion' group, but otherwise there were no clinical and laboratory differences. Conclusion: Although the incidence of early sepsis is low almost all neonates received antibiotics. A 'low-suspicion' group was defined and the role of antibiotic treatment in this group needs to be determined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-15
Number of pages4
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Volume97
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2008

Keywords

  • Antibiotic therapy
  • Early onset sepsis
  • Neonates
  • Respiratory distress syndrome
  • Very low birth weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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