Risk indicators after envenomation in humans by Echis coloratus (mid-east saw scaled viper)

Avi Porath, Dan Gilon, Hana Schulchynska-Castel, Oded Shalev, Arie Keynan, Jochanan Benbassat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

To determine the frequency, severity and predictors of bleeding and azotemia after envenomation in humans by Echis coloratus, a retrospective survey of 68 cases in Israel between 1970 and 1989 was carried out. We used univariate and multivariate analyses of clinical variables on admission for the outcome variables of bleeding, hemoglobin and platelet levels, and blood urea. Within hours or days after envenomation, a major bleeding episode occurred in 18% of the victims, a drop in hemoglobin to 10 g/dliter or less in 14%, and an increase in blood urea to 9 mmole/liter or more in 15%. These complications correlated with time interval between envenomation and hospital admission, and the following admission variables: degree of bleeding, hemoglobin level, platelet and white blood cell counts, blood urea and proteinuria. Complications were unlikely in patients who were presented with all of the following: a hemoglobin level of 13 g/dliter or more, a platelet count of 100,000/mm3 or more, a blood urea level of 7 mmole/liter or less, no proteinuria and no bleeding. Treatment on admission with a specific monovalent antiserum was associated with a shorter duration of hemostatic failure and a reduced incidence of anemia and thrombopenia. Infusion of fresh frozen plasma on admission did not appear to be effective in preventing complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-32
Number of pages8
JournalToxicon
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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