Roads and Road-Posts as an Ecological Trap for Cavity Nesting Desert Birds

Nimrod Ben-Aharon, Dror Kapota, David Saltz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

While road-side productivity attracts wildlife, roads are also a major cause of mortality. Thus, roads are potentially an attractive sink. We investigated whether roads in a desert environment in southern Israel act as an ecological trap for the territorial mourning wheatear (Oenanthe lugens). We applied an individual-based mechanistic approach to compare the apparent survival of individually-marked wheatears between roadside territories and territories in natural habitats farther away from the road, and determined directionality in territorial shifting to and from the road. Analysis was based on mark-resight techniques and multi-model inference in a multi-strata approach (program MARK). Wheatear survival in road-side territories was too low to be compensated by the maximum possible recruitment, but shifted territories from natural habitat toward the roadside habitat as these territories were vacated by mortality. Vacated territories along the road were re-occupied faster than vacated territories in natural habitat. Thus, the roadside habitat in our study area fulfilled all conditions for an ecological trap. Roads may act as widespread ecological traps and their impact, therefore, may extend well-beyond the existing perception of narrow dissecting elements causing local mortality and/or animal avoidance. In species where habitat selection is based on contest competition (e.g., territorial species) and contest success has a genetically heritable component, ecological traps will induce a paradoxical selection process.

Original languageEnglish
Article number614899
JournalFrontiers in Conservation Science
Volume1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Oenanthe lugens
  • mourning wheatear
  • sink
  • survival
  • territorial shift

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

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