Interactive gestural and voice control of industrial robots are being investigated as a means of enhancing surgical practice. Tasks, such as instrument positioning and holding, that require sensing the surgeon's intentions as expressed by his or her actions and voice are being studied. These tasks, which do not require artificial intelligence or sensing capabilities beyond current technology, range from holding instruments steady or stabilizing them relative to rhythmic body motions, to positioning and focusing a surgical microscope. With these robotic instrument augmentations both the physical exertion and duration of operative procedures can be reduced. This strategy is believed to represent a proper division of labor between man and machine in the operating rooom and has the twin benefits of extending the range of the possible and reducing stress on medical personnel.
|Number of pages||2|
|State||Published - 1 Dec 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Engineering (all)