Role of activated charcoal and amino acids in developing an efficient regeneration system for foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) Beauv.) using leaf base segments

Periyasamy Rathinapriya, Lakkakula Satish, Ramakrishnan Rameshkumar, Subramani Pandian, Arockiam Sagina Rency, Manikandan Ramesh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

An efficacious, reproducible direct in vitro regeneration system has been developed from leaf base segments (LBs) of six high yielding genotypes of foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) Beauv.). LBs excised from 4-day-old seedling were inoculated on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with different types and concentrations of cytokinins. The shoots induced per explant significantly increased with the supplementation of BAP to auxin containing medium. The results showed that a maximum shoot induction, 58.8% was obtained on MS medium incorporated with 8.9 µM BAP and 2.7 µM NAA in ‘CO5’ genotype. Further, the highest frequency of multiple shoots was produced on MS(I) medium containing 8.9 µM BAP, 2.7 µM NAA, 700 mg L −1 proline, 0.5 mg L −1 cysteine, 2.0 mg L −1 glycine and 150 mg L −1 arginine. MS(I) medium additionally fortified with 5.0 g L −1 activated charcoal (AC) was found to achieve the best precocious plant regeneration. Elongated shoots were rooted on half-strength MS medium amended with 2.9 µM IAA and achieved maximum root number (8.7) within 10 days. Rooted plantlets were acclimated in soil with 92% survival rate. Molecular marker analysis of in vitro regenerated and field grown plants revealed no somaclonal variations. Briefly, amino acids and activated charcoal could significantly enhance the foxtail millet direct multiple shoot proliferation and plant regeneration. Here we report, a short-term, genotype independent, direct plant regeneration protocol for future genetic transformation studies in foxtail millet genotypes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)533-548
Number of pages16
JournalPhysiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Additives
  • Direct multiple shoots
  • Molecular markers
  • Plant growth regulators
  • Plant regeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Plant Science

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