Role of long noncoding RNA in regulating HIV infection—a comprehensive review

Noa Amir, Ran Taube

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

A complete cure against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection remains out of reach, as the virus persists in stable cell reservoirs that are resistant to antiretroviral therapy. The key to eliminating these reservoirs lies in deciphering the processes that govern viral gene expression and latency. However, while we comprehensively understand how host proteins influence HIV gene expression and viral latency, the emerging role of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the context of T cell activation, HIV gene expression, and viral latency remain unexplored. This review dives into the evolving significance of lncRNAs and their impact on HIV gene expression and viral latency. We provide an overview of the current knowledge regarding how lncRNAs regulate HIV gene expression, categorizing them as either activators or inhibitors of viral gene expression and infectivity. Furthermore, we offer insights into the potential therapeutic applications of lncRNAs in combatting HIV. A deeper understanding of how lncRNAs modulate HIV gene transcription holds promise for developing novel RNA-based therapies to complement existing treatment strategies to eradicate HIV reservoirs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalmBio
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2024

Keywords

  • HIV latency
  • human immunodeficiency virus
  • long noncoding RNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Microbiology

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