Rural or urban? Planning Bedouin settlements

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Abstract

Over less than a century, the majority of the once nomadic Bedouin of southern Israel were moved to live in towns that were established for them by the state, in the process of urbanization. These towns are far from satisfying the desires and needs of all the Bedouin. The rest of the Bedouin prefer to live outside the towns in a rural space. Based on archival sources the study reveals that the early policy supported the establishment of rural agricultural villages and transferring all Bedouin into fellahin (peasants). This policy was only later changed towards urbanization, a change that brought a problematic outcome. At the core of this study is an attempt to trace the reasoning that stood behind these policies and to make an analysis of their development and implementations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)606-624
Number of pages19
JournalMiddle Eastern Studies
Volume57
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Bedouin
  • Development Policy
  • Planning
  • Rural Settlement
  • Settling Nomads
  • Urbanization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Cultural Studies
  • History
  • Sociology and Political Science

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