Safer plant-based nanoparticles for combating antibiotic resistance in bacteria: A comprehensive review on its potential applications, recent advances, and future perspective

Uttpal Anand, M. Carpena, Monika Kowalska-Góralska, P. Garcia-Perez, Kumari Sunita, Elza Bontempi, Abhijit Dey, Miguel A. Prieto, Jarosław Proćków, Jesus Simal-Gandara

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Antibiotic resistance is one of the current threats to human health, forcing the use of drugs that are more noxious, costlier, and with low efficiency. There are several causes behind antibiotic resistance, including over-prescription of antibiotics in both humans and livestock. In this scenario, researchers are shifting to new alternatives to fight back this concerning situation. Scope and approach: Nanoparticles have emerged as new tools that can be used to combat deadly bacterial infections directly or indirectly to overcome antibiotic resistance. Although nanoparticles are being used in the pharmaceutical industry, there is a constant concern about their toxicity toward human health because of the involvement of well-known toxic chemicals (i.e., sodium/potassium borohydride) making their use very risky for eukaryotic cells. Key findings and conclusions: Multiple nanoparticle-based approaches to counter bacterial infections, providing crucial insight into the design of elements that play critical roles in the creation of antimicrobial nanotherapeutic drugs, are currently underway. In this context, plant-based nanoparticles will be less toxic than many other forms, which constitute promising candidates to avoid widespread damage to the microbiome associated with current practices. This article aims to review the actual knowledge on plant-based nanoparticle products for antibiotic resistance and the possible replacement of antibiotics to treat multidrug-resistant bacterial infections.

Original languageEnglish
Article number153472
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume821
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 May 2022

Keywords

  • Antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB)
  • Environmental and health impact
  • Global economies and public health
  • Nanoparticles and their applications
  • Nanoparticles toxicity/nanotoxicology
  • Plant-derived nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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