Safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of V114, a 15-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, followed by sequential PPSV23 vaccination in healthy adults aged ≥50 years: A randomized phase III trial (PNEU-PATH)

Joon Young Song, Chih Jen Chang, Charles Andrews, Javier Diez-Domingo, Myoung don Oh, Ron Dagan, Jonathan Hartzel, Alison Pedley, Jianing Li, Tina Sterling, Gretchen Tamms, Joseph A. Chiarappa, Jeannine Lutkiewicz, Luwy Musey, Yingmei Tu, Ulrike K. Buchwald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Streptococcus pneumoniae causes pneumococcal disease, and older adults are at an increased risk. Sequential vaccination of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) followed by 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) is recommended for broad protection against pneumococcal disease in some countries. Methods: This phase III trial evaluated the safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of sequential administration of either V114 (a 15-valent PCV containing serotypes 1, 3, 4, 5, 6A, 6B, 7F, 9V, 14, 18C, 19A, 19F, 22F, 23F, and 33F) or PCV13, followed 12 months later by PPSV23, in healthy adults aged ≥50 years (NCT03480763). A total of 652 participants were randomized 1:1 to receive either V114 or PCV13, followed by PPSV23. Results: The most common solicited adverse events (AEs) following PCV vaccination included injection-site pain and fatigue. Higher proportions of participants with these events were observed in the V114 group following PCV; however, these differences were not clinically significant. Following PPSV23 vaccination, the most common solicited AEs were injection-site pain and injection-site swelling; the proportions of participants with these events were comparable between both groups. Incidence of serious AEs was low in both groups following PCV and PPSV23, and none were related to study vaccines. No deaths occurred during the study. Serum opsonophagocytic activity geometric mean titers and immunoglobulin G geometric mean concentrations were comparable between both groups for all 15 serotypes in V114 following PPSV23. Immune responses elicited by V114 persisted for at least 12 months. Immune responses at 30 days and 12 months post-vaccination with PCV were comparable between both groups for the 13 shared serotypes and higher in the V114 group for the V114-unique serotypes (22F and 33F). Conclusion: Administration of V114 followed by PPSV23 was well tolerated and induced comparable antibody levels to PCV13 followed by PPSV23 in healthy adults aged ≥50 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6422-6436
Number of pages15
JournalVaccine
Volume39
Issue number43
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Immunogenicity
  • Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
  • Pneumococcal disease
  • Safety
  • Sequential vaccination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • General Veterinary
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this