Scapular dyskinesis among competitive swimmers

Maayan Bussiba Maor, Tatyana Ronin, Leonid Kalichman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Aim To evaluate the prevalence of scapular dyskinesis (SD) in competitive swimmers during training sessions. Methods Repeated measurement observational study.20 young competitive swimmers were filmed before, at midpoint and at the end of a training session, performing shoulder flexion and abduction. SD was examined separately by two assessors. Demographic and Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaires were collected. Results SD was observed in 30% of the swimmers before training, in 70%, an hour later, and in 80%, upon completion of the training session. The difference between the baseline and mid-practice was close to significance (p-value = 0.055), and between mid-practice and end of practice was significant (p = 0.004). Conclusions This study confirmed that the prevalence of SD increases throughout a training session in most swimmers. The main reason might be fatigue of the muscles which stabilize the scapula, therefore, when examining a sportsmen's shoulder, it is important to examine the SD post-training or following simulation of the training session in the clinic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)633-636
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2017


  • Scapular dyskinesis
  • Shoulder evaluation
  • Shoulder pain
  • Swimmers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and Manual Therapy
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Complementary and alternative medicine


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