Scorpion envenomation

Joav Merrick, Mohammed Morad

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Scorpion sting is a common event in tropical and subtropical regions, especially Africa, South India, the Middle East, Mexico, South Latin America and China. Out of about 1,500 scorpion species, 50 are dangerous to humans and it is estimated that the annual number of scorpion stings is 1.2 million with about 3,250 deaths. Humans and especially children are stinged when scorpions are touched in their hiding places and therefore, most of the stings occur on the hands and feet. The treatment of a scorpion sting is first of all to calm the victim, immobilize the affected limb (in a functional position below the level of the heart) and quickly transport to a hospital. It is also advisable to put some ice on the sting. Prognosis is dependent on many factors, like the specific scorpion, patient age, health status and access to medical care. Delay in seeking medical treatment is associated with higher likelihood of mortality in children and adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTropical Pediatrics
Subtitle of host publicationA Public Health Concern of International Proportions: Second Edition
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages411-416
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781634634045
ISBN (Print)9781634633819
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2012

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