Seasonal growth of zygophyllum dumosum boiss. Summer dormancy is associated with loss of the permissive epigenetic marker dimethyl H3K4 and extensive reduction in proteins involved in basic cell functions

Janardan Khadka, Narendra S. Yadav, Gila Granot, Gideon Grafi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Plants thriving in desert environments are suitable for studying mechanisms for plant survival under extreme seasonal climate variation. We studied epigenetic mechanisms underlying seasonal growth cycles in the desert plant Zygophyllum dumosum Boiss., which was previously shown to be deficient in repressive markers of di-methyl and tri-methyl H3K9 and their association with factors regulating basic cell functions. We showed a contingent association between rainfall and seasonal growth and the epigenetic marker of dimethyl H3K4, which disappears upon entry into the dry season and the acquisition of a dormant state. DNA methylation is not affected by a lack of H3K9 di-methyl and tri-methyl. Changes in methylation can occur between the wet and dry season. Proteome analysis of acid soluble fractions revealed an extensive reduction in ribosomal proteins and in proteins involved in chloroplasts and mitochondrial activities during the dry seasons concomitantly with up-regulation of molecular chaperone HSPs. Our results highlight mechanisms underlying Z. dumosum adaptation to seasonal climate variation. Particularly, summer dormancy is associated with a loss of the permissive epigenetic marker dimethyl H3K4, which might facilitate genome compaction concomitantly with a significant reduction in proteins involved in basic cell functions. HSP chaperones might safeguard the integrity of cell components.

Original languageEnglish
Article number59
JournalPlants
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • DNA methylation
  • Epigenetics
  • H3K4 methylation
  • H3K9 methylation
  • Heat shock proteins
  • Ribosomal proteins
  • Seasonal climate change
  • Summer dormancy
  • Zygophyllum dumosum boiss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Plant Science

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