Security of additive manufacturing: Attack taxonomy and survey

Mark Yampolskiy, Wayne E. King, Jacob Gatlin, Sofia Belikovetsky, Adam Brown, Anthony Skjellum, Yuval Elovici

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations


Additive manufacturing (AM) is a rapidly growing, multibillion dollar industry. AM is increasingly being used to manufacture functional parts, including components of safety critical systems in aerospace, automotive, and other industries. This makes AM an attractive attack target. AM Security is a fairly new field of research that addresses this novel threat. This paper serves dual purposes: For researchers just entering AM security, we provide an in-depth introduction to this highly multi-disciplinary research field. And, for active researchers in the field, this paper provides a comprehensive, structured survey of the state of the art as well as our proposal for attack taxonomies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)431-457
Number of pages27
JournalAdditive Manufacturing
StatePublished - 1 May 2018


  • 3D printing
  • AM security
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Survey
  • Taxonomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science (all)
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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