Sediment microbial fuel cell for wastewater treatment: A new approach

T. K. Sajana, Soumya Pandit, Dipak A. Jadhav, Md Abdullah-Al-Mamun, Elvis Fosso-Kankeu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Sediment microbial fuel cell (SMFC) is a technology which has the potential for in situ treatment of wastewater and sediment along with power generation in a small scale. Most of the studies on SMFC were focused on the operation of lowpower consuming sensors using the energy harvested from sediment. Their application for wastewater treatment mainly occurred in the past 3-5 years. SMFCs for wastewater treatment were integrated with natural wastewater treatment (constructed wetland) to inherit the advantages of both technologies. The performance of SMFC is governed by various factors viz. concentration and biodegradability of the organic matter in the wastewater and sediment, colonization of microorganisms on the electrode, operating conditions and other parameters. Recently, SMFC received considerable attention since it is a viable solution to sediment and water remediation as well as energy harvesting. The challenges related to practical applications such as scaling up and performance optimization are discussed in this chapter.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNano and Bio-Based Technologies for Wastewater Treatment
Subtitle of host publicationPrediction and Control Tools for the Dispersion of Pollutants in the Environment
Number of pages35
ISBN (Electronic)9781119577119
ISBN (Print)9781119577096
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Constructed wetland MFC
  • In situ bioremediation
  • Sediment microbial fuel cell
  • Sensors
  • Wastewater treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry


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