Seed dormancy and pre-harvest sprouting in rice—an updated overview

Soo In Sohn, Subramani Pandian, Thamilarasan Senthil Kumar, Yedomon Ange Bovys Zoclanclounon, Pandiyan Muthuramalingam, Jayabalan Shilpha, Lakkakula Satish, Manikandan Ramesh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Pre-harvest sprouting is a critical phenomenon involving the germination of seeds in the mother plant before harvest under relative humid conditions and reduced dormancy. As it results in reduced grain yield and quality, it is a common problem for the farmers who have cultivated the rice and wheat across the globe. Crop yields need to be steadily increased to improve the people’s ability to adapt to risks as the world’s population grows and natural disasters become more fre-quent. To improve the quality of grain and to avoid pre-harvest sprouting, a clear understanding of the crops should be known with the use of molecular omics approaches. Meanwhile, pre-harvest sprouting is a complicated phenomenon, especially in rice, and physiological, hormonal, and genetic changes should be monitored, which can be modified by high-throughput metabolic engineering techniques. The integration of these data allows the creation of tailored breeding lines suitable for various demands and regions, and it is crucial for increasing the crop yields and economic ben-efits. In this review, we have provided an overview of seed dormancy and its regulation, the major causes of pre-harvest sprouting, and also unraveled the novel avenues to battle pre-harvest sprouting in cereals with special reference to rice using genomics and transcriptomic approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11804
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number21
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2021


  • Abscisic acid
  • Gibberellin
  • Growth hormones
  • Pre-harvest sprouting
  • QTLs
  • Rice
  • Seed dormancy
  • Transcriptomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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