Selecting voting locations for fun and profit

Zack Fitzsimmons, Omer Lev

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

While manipulative attacks on elections have been well-studied, only recently has attention turned to attacks that account for geographic information, which are extremely common in the real world. The most well known in the media is gerrymandering, in which district border-lines are changed to increase a party's chance to win, but a different geographical manipulation involves influencing the election by selecting the location of polling places, as many people are not willing to go to any distance to vote. In this paper we initiate the study of this manipulation. We find that while it is easy to manipulate the selection of polling places on the line, it becomes difficult already on the plane or in the case of more than two candidates. Moreover, we show that for more than two candidates the problem is inapproximable. However, we find a few restricted cases on the plane where some algorithms perform well. Finally, we discuss how existing results for standard control actions hold in the geographic setting, consider additional control actions in the geographic setting, and suggest directions for future study.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 29th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI 2020
EditorsChristian Bessiere
PublisherInternational Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence
Pages224-230
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780999241165
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020
Event29th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI 2020 - Yokohama, Japan
Duration: 1 Jan 2021 → …

Publication series

NameIJCAI International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence
Volume2021-January
ISSN (Print)1045-0823

Conference

Conference29th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI 2020
Country/TerritoryJapan
CityYokohama
Period1/01/21 → …

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence

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