Four cobalt(ii)-carboxylate complexes [(6-Me3-TPA)CoII(benzoate)](BPh4) (1), [(6-Me3-TPA)CoII(benzilate)](ClO4) (2), [(6-Me3-TPA)CoII(mandelate)](BPh4) (3), and [(6-Me3-TPA)CoII(MPA)](BPh4) (4) (HMPA = 2-methoxy-2-phenylacetic acid) of the 6-Me3-TPA (tris((6-methylpyridin-2-yl)methyl)amine) ligand were isolated to investigate their ability in H2O2-dependent selective oxygenation of C-H and CC bonds. All six-coordinate complexes contain a high-spin cobalt(ii) center. While the cobalt(ii) complexes are inert toward dioxygen, each of these complexes reacts readily with hydrogen peroxide to form a diamagnetic cobalt(iii) species, which decays with time leading to the oxidation of the methyl groups on the pyridine rings of the supporting ligand. Intramolecular ligand oxidation by the cobalt-based oxidant is partially inhibited in the presence of external substrates, and the substrates are converted to their corresponding oxidized products. Kinetic studies and labelling experiments indicate the involvement of a metal-based oxidant in affecting the chemo- and stereo-selective catalytic oxygenation of aliphatic C-H bonds and epoxidation of alkenes. An electrophilic cobalt-oxygen species that exhibits a kinetic isotope effect (KIE) value of 5.3 in toluene oxidation by 1 is proposed as the active oxidant. Among the complexes, the cobalt(ii)-benzoate (1) and cobalt(ii)-MPA (4) complexes display better catalytic activity compared to their α-hydroxy analogues (2 and 3). Catalytic studies with the cobalt(ii)-acetonitrile complex [(6-Me3-TPA)CoII(CH3CN)2](ClO4)2 (5) in the presence and absence of externally added benzoate support the role of the carboxylate co-ligand in oxidation reactions. The proposed catalytic reaction involves a carboxylate-bridged dicobalt complex in the activation of H2O2 followed by the oxidation of substrates by a metal-based oxidant.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Inorganic Chemistry