The superposition of intermolecular interactions and extrinsic forces can be used to control the properties of self-assembled materials. On page 369 Samuel I. Stupp and co-workers investigate the role of electric fields during the interfacial self-assembly of a hierar-chically ordered membrane from oppositely charged molecules and demonstrate profound changes in the growth rate and orientation, as well as properties.
- supramolecular materials
- adaptive materials
- structure-property relationships