Self-excitation of fluctuations of inertial particle concentration in turbulent fluid flow

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Abstract

A mechanism for intermittency in spatial distribution of small inertial particles advected by a turbulent incompressible fluid flow is discussed. The mechanism is related to self-excitation (i.e., exponential growth without an external source) of fluctuations of concentration of small particles in a turbulent fluid flow. The effect is caused by the inertia of particles which results in a divergent velocity field of particles. An equation for the high-order correlation functions of concentration of small inertial particles is derived. It is shown that the growth rates of the higher moments of particle concentration are higher than those of the lower moments, i.e., particle spatial distribution is intermittent. Similar phenomena occur for noninertial admixtures advected by divergent turbulent velocity field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5373-5376
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume77
Issue number27
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1996

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