Sensory and Motor Systems Prolonged Feedback Duration Does Not Affect Implicit Recalibration in a Visuomotor Rotation Task

Jana Maresch, Opher Donchin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Visuomotor rotations are frequently used to study cognitive processes underlying motor adaptation. Explicit aiming strategies and implicit recalibration are two of these processes. A large body of literature indicates that both processes are in fact dissociable and mainly independent components that can be measured using dif¬ferent manipulations in visuomotor rotation tasks. Visual feedback is a crucial element in these tasks, and it therefore plays an important role when assessing explicit re-aiming and implicit recalibration. For instance, re¬searchers have found timing of visual feedback to affect the contribution of implicit recalibration to learning: If feedback is shown only at the end of the movement (instead of continuously), implicit recalibration decreases. Similarly, participants show lower levels of implicit recalibration if visual feedback is presented with a delay (in¬stead of immediately). We thus hypothesized that the duration of feedback availability might also play a role. The goal of this study was thus to investigate the effect of longer versus shorter feedback durations on implicit recalibration in human participants. To this end, we compared three feedback durations in a between-subject design: 200, 600, and 1200 ms. Using a large sample size, we found differences between groups to be quite small, to the point where most differences indicated statistical equivalence between group means. We there¬fore hypothesize that feedback duration, when only endpoint feedback is presented, has a negligible effect on implicit recalibration. We propose that future research investigate the effect of feedback duration on other pa¬rameters of adaptation, so as proprioceptive recalibration and explicit re-aiming.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberENEURO.0447-21.2022
JournaleNeuro
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Implicit recalibration
  • Motor adaptation
  • Visuomotor rotation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (all)

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