Serum levels of insulin-like growth factor-1, IGF binding protein-1 and insulin and the response to human menopausal gonadotrophins in women with polycystic ovary syndrome

Roy Homburg, Raoul Orvieto, Itai Bar-Hava, Zion Ben-Rafael

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

In order to determine which factors influence the large variations in sensitivity to gonadotrophins witnessed in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a prospective study was conducted of the correlation between basal clinical and endocrinological features and gonadotrophin requirements of 20 women with clomiphene-resistant PCOS undergoing ovulation induction. Baseline evaluation of serum concentrations of luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), testosterone, fasting insulin, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), IGF binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) were performed before administering gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa). Two weeks later, human menopausal gonadotrophin (HMG) was given in a standard individualized protocol according to ovarian response, until human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) was given. Serum concentrations of insulin, IGF-1, and IGFBP-1 were unaffected by GnRHa. The BMI correlated positively with insulin and inversely with IGFBP-1 serum concentrations and insulin and IGFBP-1 were inversely correlated. The amount of HMG required correlated positively with BMI and insulin concentrations and inversely with IGFBP-1 in the whole group and these correlations were maintained in the sub-group of lean women. No correlation was observed between HMG requirements and IGF-1 or other hormones. Women with hyperinsulinaemia and low IGFBP-1 concentrations required significantly more HMG. Multiple regression analysis revealed that insulin concentration is the most significant determinant of HMG requirement even when dissociated from BMI. We concluded that requirement of HMG in PCOS is not merely determined by obesity but by a cardinal role of insulin concentrations which, when high, induce, hypothetically, a hyperandrogenic intrafollicular milieu.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)716-719
Number of pages4
JournalHuman Reproduction
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gonadotrophins
  • Insulin
  • Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1
  • Insulin-like growth factor-1
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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