Severity of angina pectoris and risk of ischemic stroke

David Tanne, Avraham Shotan, Uri Goldbourt, Moti Haim, Valentina Boyko, Yehuda Adler, Lori Mandelzweig, Solomon Behar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Purpose - Ischemic stroke and coronary heart disease (CHD) share risk factors and pathogenic process, ie, atherosclerosis and thrombosis. We examined the relationship between severity of angina pectoris and its accompanying characteristics and the risk of incident ischemic stroke. Methods - We traced 3122 patients with stable CHD, included in a secondary prevention trial of lipid modification, the Bezafibrate Infarction Prevention trial. CHD was documented by a history of myocardial infarction ≥6 months and <5 years before enrollment and/or stable angina pectoris with evidence of ischemia confirmed by ancillary diagnostic testing. Severity of angina pectoris was assessed according to the Canadian Cardiovascular Society angina classification, and heart failure functional class according to the New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification. Patients with severe heart failure or unstable angina on enrollment were excluded. Results - During a mean follow-up period of 8.2 years, 186 patients developed an ischemic stroke. The cumulative rate of ischemic stroke increased in a dose-response manner from 4.7% in patients with no angina to 5.7%, 8.4%, and 12.9% in patients with angina classes 1, 2, and 3, respectively (P<0.001). Patients with NYHA functional Class 1 had a 5.5% rate of ischemic stroke versus 7.3% and 9.6% in patients with classes 2 and 3, respectively (P=0.05). In a Cox proportional-hazard model adjusting for conventional risk factors and potential confounders, the hazard ratio associated with angina class 1 was 1.20 (95% CI, 0.83 to 1.74); class 2, 1.66 (95% CI, 1.12 to 2.45);. and class 3, 2.35 (95% CI, 1.08 to 5.13), as compared with patients with no angina. Hazard ratios of ischemic stroke associated with conventional risk factors were 1.55 for a 10-year age increment, 2.16 for diabetes mellitus, 1.81 for current smoking, and 1.29 for a 20 mm Hg increase in systolic blood pressure. Conclusions - Severity of angina pectoris in patients with stable CHD predicts an increased risk of subsequent ischemic stroke. The association between angina class and incident ischemic stroke is independent of traditional vascular risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-250
Number of pages6
JournalStroke
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Jan 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Angina pectoris
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Risk factors
  • Stroke, ischemic

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