Sex-dependent gene expression in human pluripotent stem cells

Daniel Ronen, Nissim Benvenisty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


Males and females have a variety of sexually dimorphic traits, most of which result from hormonal differences. However, differences between male and female embryos initiate very early in development, before hormonal influence begins, suggesting the presence of genetically driven sexual dimorphisms. By comparing the gene expression profiles of male and X-inactivated female human pluripotent stem cells, we detected Y-chromosome-driven effects. We discovered that the sex-determining gene SRY is expressed in human male pluripotent stem cells and is induced by reprogramming. In addition, we detected more than 200 differentially expressed autosomal genes in male and female embryonic stem cells. Some of these genes are involved in steroid metabolism pathways and lead to sex-dependent differentiation in response to the estrogen precursor estrone. Thus, we propose that the presence of the Ychromosome and specifically SRY may drive sex-specific differences in the growth and differentiation of pluripotent stem cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)923-932
Number of pages10
JournalCell Reports
Issue number4
StatePublished - 21 Aug 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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