Sharing and groundness dependencies in logic programs

Michael Codish, Harald Søndergaard, Peter J. Stuckey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


We investigate Jacobs and Langen's Sharing domain, introduced for the analysis of variable sharing in logic programs, and show that it is isomorphic to Marriott and Søndergaard's Pos domain, introduced for the analysis of groundness dependencies. Our key idea is to view the sets of variables in a Sharing domain element as the models of a corresponding Boolean function. This leads to a recasting of sharing analysis in terms of the property of "not being affected by the binding of a single variable." Such an "unaffectedness dependency" analysis has close connections with groundness dependency analysis using positive Boolean functions. This new view improves our understanding of sharing analysis, and leads to an elegant expression of its combination with groundness dependency analysis based on the reduced product of Sharing and Pos. It also opens up new avenues for the efficient implementation of sharing analysis, for example using reduced order binary decision diagrams, as well as efficient implementation of the reduced product, using domain factorizations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)948-976
Number of pages29
JournalACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1999


  • Abstract interpretation
  • Boolean functions
  • Dataflow analysis
  • Global analysis
  • Invariants
  • Languages
  • Logic programming
  • Logics of programs
  • Optimization
  • Processors - compilers
  • Specifying and Verifying and Reasoning about Programs - assertions
  • Theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software


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