Shelling with MoS2: Functional CuS@MoS2 hybrids as electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction and hydrogen evolution reactions

Avraham Bar-Hen, Ronen Bar-Ziv, Tsion Ohaion-Raz, Amir Mizrahi, Simon Hettler, Raul Arenal, Maya Bar Sadan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The development of noble-metal free electrocatalysts is of high importance for clean energy conversion applications. MoS2 has been considered as a promising low-cost catalyst for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), however its activity is limited by poor conductivity and low abundance of active sites. Moreover, its suitability as an effective catalyst for other reactions, in particular the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), was hardly explored to date. Herein, we show hybrid nanostructures of shelled CuS particles with MoS2 layers, which produces several outcomes: The MoS2 shell is strained and defective, and charge transfer from the core to MoS2 occurs, enabling activation of the basal plane of MoS2. Changing the feed ratio of the precursors led to control over morphology, such that the wrapping of the cores with the shell was continuously varied and characterized. We found an optimal hybrid structure, which provided high electrochemical active surface area and fast charge transfer kinetics, leading to improved activity not only towards HER (overpotential of 225 mV at 10 mA cm−2), but also for the sluggish ORR (onset potential 0.87 V vs RHE).

Original languageEnglish
Article number129771
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume420
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Sep 2021

Keywords

  • 2D materials
  • Core–Shell
  • Electrocatalysis
  • Growth processes
  • Structure characterization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering (all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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