Our aim was to examine the influence of BMI on the live-birth rate following IVF/ICSI and evaluate its specific contribution among other factors thus enabling accurate reproductive policy development. All patients that underwent IVF/ICSI at our center during January 2012–July 2015 were included in this retrospective study. A total of 1654 ICSI cycles were divided into four groups according to the patient’s BMI (kg/m2): group I (normal weight): <25 (943 cycles); group II (overweight): 25–30 (403 cycles); group III (obese): 30–35 (212 cycles); group IV (morbid obesity): >35 (96 cycles). Comparing the four groups of BMI, mean age and number of previous ART cycles was significantly lower in group I compared to groups II, III and IV. Length of treatment was significantly shorter in group I compared to groups II, III and IV. Ovarian response to COH was comparable in terms of mean estradiol and progesterone levels on the day of hCG administration mean number of oocytes retrieved, fertilized and number of embryos transferred. Endometrial thickness was significantly lower in group IV. Outcome measures, such as implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) per cycle and per ET, as well as live-birth rates did not differ significantly between the groups, although in group IV LBR per cycle and per ET was lower. Multivariate logistic regression stepwise analysis found a significant correlation between age and BMI but did not find correlation between BMI and clinical pregnancy (p = 0.436) or LB (p = 0.206). The results of our relatively large retrospective study did not demonstrate a significant impact of BMI on the ART cycle outcome. Therefore, BMI should not be a basis for IVF treatment denial.
- Body mass index
- in vitro fertilization
- intracytoplasmic sperm injection
- live birth rate