Simultaneous heat and mass transfer during evaporation/condensation on the surface of a stagnant droplet in the presence of inert admixtures containing non-condensable solvable gas

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Abstract

In this study we investigated numerically simultaneous heat and mass transfer during evaporation/condensation on the surface of a stagnant droplet in the presence of inert admixtures containing non-condensable solvable gas. The performed analysis is pertinent to slow droplet evaporation/condensation when Mach number is small (M<<1). The system of transient conjugate nonlinear energy and mass conservation equations was solved using anelastic approximation. Transport coefficients of the gaseous phase were calculated as functions of temperature and concentrations of gaseous species. Thermophysical properties of the liquid phase are assumed to be constant. Using the material balance at the droplet surface we obtained equations for Stefan velocity and the rate of change of the droplet radius taking into account the effect of solvable gas absorption at the gas-liquid interface. We derived also boundary conditions at gas-liquid interface taking into account the effect of gas absorption. The governing equations were solved using a method of lines. Numerical calculations showed essential change of the rates of heat and mass transfer in water droplet-air-water vapor system under the influence of solvable species in a gaseous phase. Consequently, the use of additives of solvable noncondensable gases to enhance the rate of heat and mass transfer in dispersed systems allows to increase the efficiency and reduce the size of gas-liquid contactors.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, HT 2005
Pages499-506
Number of pages8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2005
Event2005 ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, HT 2005 - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: 17 Jul 200522 Jul 2005

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference
Volume2

Conference

Conference2005 ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, HT 2005
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period17/07/0522/07/05

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