We investigated the potential of next-generation sequencing (NGS) as an alternative method for preimplantation genetic testing of monogenic disease (PGT-M) with human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matching and for noninvasive prenatal diagnosis follow-up. The case involved parents who were carriers of the Fanconi anemia complementation group G (FANCG) 260delG mutation. After clinical PGT using conventional short tandem repeat and mutation analysis, two euploid disease-free embryos were transferred, resulting in a twin pregnancy. Using the original embryo whole genome amplification products from 10 embryos, NGS confirmed the genotypes of the eight nontransferred embryos for both mutation status and HLA combination. NGS also confirmed that the two transferred embryos, which resulted in a twin pregnancy, were euploid, Fanconi disease free, and HLA matched to their sick sibling. At 15 weeks' gestation, noninvasive prenatal diagnosis of the maternal cell-free DNA determined fetal fractions of 14% and 6.6% for twins 1 and 2, respectively. The maternal plasma FANCG 260delG mutation ratio was measured at 46.2%, consistent with the presence of a carrier fetus and a normal fetus. These findings provide proof of concept that NGS has clinical utility as a safe and effective PGT-M method for embryo genotyping as well as more complex direct HLA matching. In addition, NGS can be used to confirm the original PGT-M and HLA matching embryo results in early pregnancy without the need for invasive prenatal diagnosis.