We study the ground state and excitation spectrum of a quasi-one- dimensional system consisting of a pole and rungs oriented in opposite directions ("centipede ladder," CL) at quarter filling. The spin and charge excitation spectra are found in the limits of small and large longitudinal hoppings t compared to the on-rung hopping rate t and exchange coupling I. At small t, the system with ferromagnetic on-rung exchange demonstrates instability against dimerization. Coherent propagation of charge-transfer excitons is possible in this limit. At large t, CL behaves like two-orbital Hubbard chain, but the gap opens in the charge excitation spectrum, thus reducing the symmetry from SU(4) to SU(2). The spin excitations are always gapless and their dispersion changes from quadratic magnonlike for ferromagnetic on-rung exchange to linear spinonlike for antiferromagnetic on-rung exchange in weak longitudinal hopping limit.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - 7 Jun 2007|