Singular Factors behind the Growth of Innovation in Israel

Raphael Bar-El, Dafna Schwartz, David Bentolila

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Israel is known as one of the leading countries in innovation, mostly in terms of Research and Development (R&D) activity. We describe the growth of innovation activity and focus on the question about the leading factors that explain the rapid growth of innovation activity. Against the theoretical background of the rule of comparative advantage, we find that the innovation trend in Israel was mostly stimulated by comparative disadvantages. The explanation of the growth of innovative activities is mostly attributed to the characteristics of the national innovation ecosystem, and to the ability to understand its functioning and to derive appropriate policy measures. Using the data of 127 countries as gathered in the Global Innovation Index (GII), we propose a model for the explanation of the relative growth of innovation in Israel, and support it through an in-depth survey of the main leaders of innovation in the last years, from the fields of academy, industry and government
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-150
Number of pages15
JournalAthens Journal of Mediterranean Studies
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2019


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