Sizing PV systems for southern England: Computing kWh from kWp

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    This paper addresses the problem of how to compute the annual average electrical energy from an array of photovoltaic modules, given that module manufacturers specify the output power of their products under highly artificial test conditions. The solution to the problem is illustrated using climatic data for Kew, London.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)123-126
    Number of pages4
    JournalProceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Municipal Engineer
    Issue number3
    StatePublished - 1 Jan 1999


    • Design methods & aids
    • Electrical engineering & distribution

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Civil and Structural Engineering

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