Using high-resolution shear force measurements, we examine in detail the frictional drag between rubbing surfaces bearing end-tethered polymeric surfactants (brushes). The drag attains a maximum on initial motion, attributed to elastic stretching of the chains, which falls by a cascade of relaxations to a value characteristic of kinetic friction. This has a very weak velocity dependence, attributed to chain moieties dragging within a self-regulating, mutual interpenetration zone. When sliding stops, the shear stress across the polymer layers decays logarithmically with time, consistent with the relaxation of a network of dangling ends.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (all)