Smoking, diet, and health behaviors among lead-exposed blue-collar workers

Danit Rivka Shahar, Estela Kristal-Boneh, Paul Froom, Gil Harari, Joseph Ribak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


The objectives of the study were to compare dietary intake by smoking levels in blue-collar Israeli workers occupationally exposed to lead and thus identify additional areas for health-enhancing intervention in addition to smoking cessation. One hundred and eighty-seven male industrial employees who were exposed to lead through their work were screened at the worksite to evaluate health status and dietary intake. Smokers had higher intakes of fat, cholesterol, calcium, riboflavin, and vitamin E per day. They were consuming more meat and high-fat dairy products. Dose-response relationships were shown for fat and energy intake by smoking level. Thus, smoking is associated with other adverse health behaviors. When conducting epidemiologic or occupational studies, analyses should include adjustment for the fact that the lifestyles of smokers may also be unhealthy in other ways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-106
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Dietary intake
  • Health
  • Lead
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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