## Abstract

In a balancing network each processor has an initial collection of unit-size jobs (tokens) and in each round, pairs of processors connected by balancers split their load as evenly as possible. An excess token (if any) is placed according to some predefined rule. As it turns out, this rule crucially affects the performance of the network. In this work we propose a model that studies this effect. We suggest a model bridging the uniformly-random assignment rule, and the arbitrary one (in the spirit of smoothed-analysis). We start with an arbitrary assignment of balancer directions and then flip each assignment with probability α independently. For a large class of balancing networks our result implies that after \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath,amsfonts,mathrsfs}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document} $\mathcal{O}(\log n)$ \end{document} rounds the discrepancy is \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath,amsfonts,mathrsfs}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document} $\mathcal{O}((1/2-\alpha) \log n + \log \log n)$ \end{document} with high probability. This matches and generalizes known upper bounds for α = 0 and α = 1/2. We also show that a natural network matches the upper bound for any α.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 115-138 |

Number of pages | 24 |

Journal | Random Structures and Algorithms |

Volume | 39 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1 Aug 2011 |

Externally published | Yes |

## Keywords

- Average case analysis
- Balancing networks
- Distributed computing
- Load balancing
- Smoothed analysis