Social and Political Citizenship in European Public Opinion: An Empirical Analysis of T.H. Marshall's Concept of Social Rights

Marc Hooghe, Jennifer Oser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Normative democratic theory assumes that political systems should ensure civil, political and social rights, and this claim has become more salient since the economic crisis that began in 2008. This conception of citizenship was developed most prominently by T.H. Marshall (1950), and it has been further elaborated by numerous other authors, resulting in a clear division between procedural/electoral democracy concepts and authors emphasizing egalitarian concepts of democracy. We use latent class analysis to assess democratic ideals among European citizens as reported in the 2012 European Social Survey. The findings demonstrate that a majority of Europeans consider political and social rights as equally important, while some citizens predominantly emphasize either political or social rights. Furthermore, the focus on social rights is not limited to those with left-leaning ideologies. Considering current manifestations of discontent about the politics of austerity, we discuss the implications of social citizenship concepts for democratic legitimacy in Europe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)595-620
Number of pages26
JournalGovernment and Opposition
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2018

Keywords

  • European Social Survey
  • Political citizenship
  • T.H. Marshall
  • concepts of democracy
  • latent class analysis
  • social citizenship

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