Social and Structural Determinants and their Associations with Patient Experience in the Emergency Department

Shifra Unger, Zvika Orr, Evan Avraham Alpert, Nadav Davidovitch, Ilana Shoham-Vardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Improving patient experience and satisfaction in the emergency department (ED) is challenging but beneficial. Previous studies have shown an association between social and structural factors and patient satisfaction. This study examined the structural and social factors related to the ED patient experience among Jewish and Arab patients in a Jerusalem hospital.

METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among ED patients in a Jerusalem hospital. Data were collected via questionnaires. The sample included 257 Jewish patients and 170 Arab patients. The outcome variable was a positive or negative ED experience.

RESULTS: Jewish and Arab patients had different factors related to ED experience. Cultural differences, including a language barrier and access to information, were associated with a negative experience among Arab patients. Among Jewish patients, frequent use of community health services was associated with a negative ED patient experience.

CONCLUSION: This study shows an association between social and structural factors and patient experience, illustrating gaps for and vulnerability of different ethnic groups that affect their experience with healthcare services. Understanding these issues and implementing solutions formulated at the institutional and national levels can promote equity by providing structurally competent care.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101131
JournalInternational Emergency Nursing
Volume61
Early online date23 Feb 2022
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Cultural competency
  • Emergency department
  • Patient experience
  • Patient satisfaction
  • Social determinants of health
  • Structural competency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency

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