Sociotropy, autonomy, and self-criticism are three distinguishable dimensions of cognitive-personality vulnerability

Golan Shahar, Nirit Soffer, Eva Gilboa-Shechtman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Whereas both Blatt (1974) and Beck (1983) postulated the existence of two basic cognitive-personality vulnerabilities to depression - sociotropic/ anaclitic and autonomous/introjective - recent research and theorizing suggest that self-criticism is a third dimension of vulnerability. To examine the supposition that sociotropy, autonomy, and self-criticism constitute three distinct dimensions of vulnerability, we administered the Personal Style Inventory (PSI; Robins et al., 1994), six items from the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ; Blatt, D'Afflitti, & Quinlan, 1976) and the Brief Symptoms Inventory (BSI; Derogatis & Melisaratos, 1983) to 203 Israeli young adults. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) provided support for the hypothesized three-factor solution. Regression analyses indicated that each of these dimensions was associated with psychopathology. Findings encourage further integrative work in the field of personality vulnerability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-227
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cognitive Psychotherapy
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2008


  • Autonomy
  • Personality vulnerability
  • Self-criticism
  • Sociotropy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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